RAJ KUMAR UPRETI
NT: It always seems impossible unless it is done, so the youth is the agent to make possible even the stated impossible phenomenon. Youth are not only the future stake of the nation, rather they are the present’s power, hence they deserved a big standing because of their energy, capacity and creativeness.
In Nepal’s democratic movements, the youths played critical role and made tremendous sacrifices for the same. Yet, they are not given vital roles when it comes to managing the gains of movements and carrying out socio-economic transformations. This force them to take a back seat, languishing all times as the country comes under the grip of instability and chaos. Some youth leaders argue that one of the reasons behind the recurrent failure of Nepal’s democracy is the neglect of youths in political process. “The youth are often left in the lurch after the political upheavals. As a result, parties failed to manage the outcomes of revolutions. In this article, strength of youth, necessity of youth’s leadership for social, economical and more fully; the political transformation has been dealt.
United Nation Secretary General Ban Ki-moon stated that “Youth are a transformative force; they are creative, resourceful and enthusiastic agents of change who are it in public sphere cyberspace.”
Today’s youth generation is the largest ever, with over 50% of the world under 25 years of age. The vast majorities of young people live in developing countries, and close to half live on less than $2 a day. After 2015, the ‘youth bulge in developing countries is likely to start leveling off. This means that there is a limited window of time in which to reap the so-called ‘demographic dividend presented by this large, youthful population. For this to happen young people around the world must grow up to be healthy, educated, employed and empowered citizens who have financial security, a meaningful stake in governance and whose rights are respected and upheld As the worldwide youth populace has extended, so too has a familiarity with the need to address the assorted needs of youngsters.
Close by this is an expanding acknowledgment of the significance of connecting with youngsters usefully in monetary and social improvement. Recent events in North Africa, the Middle East, Brazil, Turkey and elsewhere have served as potent reminders of the power of young people to demand and bring about dramatic change when their needs are not being met. Increasingly donors, NGOs and governments are turning their attention to how young people’s energy and skills can be channeled constructively to further development goals. Youth authority improvement has much to offer this open deliberation. Putting resources into youth initiative can possibly profit not just the excellent youngsters who will go ahead to wind up noticeably the political, business and common society pioneers without bounds, additionally and all the more altogether the substantially bigger populace of the individuals who have been minimized and distraught by society.
The mapping uncovers that adolescent authority has its most prominent potential when tied into youth (particularly youth-drove) advancement. Youth-drove advancement –in stand out from singular youth leadership–gives all youngsters a stake in choosing how assets are apportioned and enables them to assume a part in executing, overseeing and supervising improvement in their groups and more extensive society.
Youth young people while also are giving them a rightful place, as a third of the global population, at the decision-making table. Such a vision has been articulated in many international declarations, but governments and other actors around the world have struggled to make it happen.
Youth initiative is separated into two unmistakable regions: from one perspective an emphasis on creating individual political, social, common society and business pioneers ,and then again an attention on giving an expansive base of youngsters including the most underestimated the chance to fabricate fundamental abilities, advancing a more extensive youth-drove advancement perfect. It declares that adolescent administration is best when mixing both methodologies, with clear formative objectives as its premise.
Understanding the key word “Youth”
The definitions of youth vary across states, cultures and among international organizations. For example the United Nations defines youth as 18-24 year olds while the Government of Sierra Leone defines youth as young people between 15 and 35 years. In some cultures, particular life transitions such as parenthood or setting up a household are more important than age as markers of the end of youth. Youth can also be seen as a key time for the formation of attitudes, behaviors and values; the influences and experiences young people have during this period are essential in shaping their outlook as adults. So while age-based definitions are practical, it is also valuable to keep in mind a more fluid perception of youth as a formative transition period between childhood and adulthood marked by increasing independence and transition in work, education and social relationships.
Actually what is Youth Leadership means?
Youth initiative can be characterized as ‘youngsters enabled to rouse and prepare themselves as well as other people towards a typical reason, in light of individual as well as social issues and difficulties, to impact constructive change. Youth leaders are individuals who ‘think for themselves, communicate their thoughts and feelings to others and help others understand and act on their own beliefs. Putting resources into youth administration in this manner implies giving youngsters the chance to build up the information, aptitudes, qualities, qualities and experience that will empower them to impact positive change whether it is at the level of their family, among their associates, in their group or more extensive society.
The qualities and skills required by youth leaders include determination, organization aptitude, focus, tolerance, decisiveness, self-discipline, charisma, time management, self-confidence, social competence, communicating a vision and sensitivity to the needs of others. CARE has rearranged these qualities into a competency-based meaning of youth initiative that spotlights on voice, basic leadership, certainty, association (to see a movement all the way to the finish), vision/qualities and capacity to rouse others.
What is the relationship between youth leadership, youth participation, youth empowerment, youth development and youth-led development?
A great deal of terminology is used in the youth field, and sometimes definitions are blurred or used interchangeably. This mapping considers youth participation to be a process through which young people ‘influence and share control over development initiatives and the decisions and resources which affect them. Participation depends both on young people acquiring the skills to participate and on society making the spaces for them to participate. It considers youth empowerment to be ‘an attitudinal, structural and cultural process whereby young people gain the ability, authority and agency to make decisions and implement change in their own and the lives of others. Youth empowerment can therefore be seen as the process that brings about youth leadership but that has wider goals including social and economic wellbeing, while youth participation (in both sense of spaces being made and skills being built) is essential for both empowerment and leadership.
Youth improvement is the all-encompassing objective of all work with youngsters which is to bolster them to defeat snags and live satisfied solid and safe lives. Interest, strengthening and authority are all vital for effective youth improvement. Youth-drove advancement is the vision that youngsters help to execute, oversee and administer improvement in their groups and more extensive society and assume a noteworthy part in choosing how assets are distributed. It is rooted in the belief that young people are valuable one key reason behind the crisis besetting the Nepali politics was to minimize the role of youths following the success of revolution in which the youths had played their decisive role.”The parties tend to make a self-declared move to retain the old leadership and apply the personal and factional approach, instead of national perspective, to solve the problems,
“Till the date, the nation lacked the clear youth policy to address the 40 per cent of population, triggering cultural deviation, brain drain and capital flight. This situation has, in turn, also threatened the political rights gained through various people’s revolutions.”
Linking the democratization of the parties with the role of youth, “Only vibrant relations between the leadership and the cadres and between cadres and the people could make a political party accountable to the people. The cadres and the people will gradually distance from the parties if the party functionaries are understood as ‘manual workers’ and the leaders as their master.” it was only through the interventionist role of new and young generation that the political parties could be democratized.
Youth and Political Change in Nepal
Youth have been regarded as an important force in the process of political change in Nepal. From the revolution in 1951 against the autocratic regime to other major political changes including the ones that took place in 1990 and 2006, young people have been at the forefront of change. However, the youth have not been able to establish themselves at the decision making level and have a larger stake at the political change process of Nepal.
The two avenues for the participation of youth in political change are through involvement in the partisan politics and non-partisan politics. In terms of partisan politics, a huge mass of youth have been maintained as political cadres as the youth wing of major political parties. These youth wings subscribe to the ideology to the mother party and are in sync with the larger political decisions and orientation of the mother party.
While the involvement of youth in partisan politics had led them to be utilized as “muscle power” rather than being an important stakeholder in the overall change-making process, the scenario of non-partisan politics has not flourished. In this context, large sections of youth choose to stay rather aloof from the political process.
Some of the reasons for growing apathy of youth and non-involvement in the change-making process could be the outcome of the following phenomenon:
* Slow Evolution of Democratic Process
* Political Grip from earlier Leadership
*Capacity and Attitude towards bringing change
The current generation of Nepalese youth is certainly more educated, aware and better connected than its previous generation. However, when it comes to their capacity in being able to initiate the change process, both in the political and economic sphere, the impact has been low. The low impact thus raises question on the capacity of the youth to actually do so. Arguably, it has been pointed out at several instances that the educational system and social upbringing prevailing in Nepal does not really train young people for the level of critical thinking necessary to influence significant political and economic change. It has been often discussed that the youth in Nepal lack enough understanding of policy choices and its long term implications. Hence, in order to influence change, youth need to be more aware and have a greater understanding of issues and the actual implication of policies in order to be able to shape them.
On the one hand, while the youth are increasingly becoming aware and empowered regarding their rights, the sense of duty among young people seems to be missing, which is further fostered by the preceding political practice and examples of leadership. Another major point in the attitude of youth is the diminishing spirit of entrepreneurship and increasing behavior of rent seeking. Rather than defying corruption, nepotism and rent-seeking practices, the youth have found a way to adapt to these systems and help them foster in a direct or indirect way.
At the end
Youth is a community having multi socio-economic dimensions. It is not a class. Neither is it formed on the basis of economic structure.” The youths should make a clarion call that the politics is a service, sacrifice and commitment, not a profession. They must spread the epochal consciousness that the financial position of all becomes strong if the nation becomes prosperous. It is apparent that; Youth as change agents of Nepal’s growth. As the notion suggest “They are the leader; who knows the way, goes the way and shows the way”.