NT: Nepal: The investment made by the Government of Nepal to help farmers adapt to climate change is having positive impact on the income level of the farmers, reveals new study reports.
The two study reports
It is expected that the findings from these research pieces will be used to inform decision-making of key climate related ministries. The collaborative research covers the impact of climate related government expenditure on the agriculture sector in Nepal. The analysis reviewed programmes in the districts of Bardiya and Myagdi and identified their socio-economic benefits with a particular focus on impacts relating to gender and poverty.
The research found positive outcomes for the socio-economic status of farmers from climate finance investments. With increases in climate finance investment, household incomes increased by 20%, especially among the poorest. The investments also saw an increase of crop diversification which improved food security and livelihood options for farmers. Some of the farmers surveyed, who received support from a climate finance related programme, reported a five-fold increase in income over a three-year period.
“Government cannot do everything on its own. It needs the support of other partners. Undertaking research that helps to improve policies and improve investment decisions is one way in which we can better understand what investments have worked, and where improvements are needed” said Budget Division Chief at MoF Kewal Prasad Bhandari.
However, the study also found that information on vulnerabilities related to climate, poverty and gender was not always used in government decision making, despite its availability.
“Women make up roughly 60 percent of the agricultural labour force. While the impacts of climate are not ‘gender neutral’ – women’s dependence on the agricultural means climate impacts on the sector have an especially disproportionate effect on women. The Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETs) reveals that the government-funded climate related small irrigation projects in Bardiya and Udayapur sowed an excellent delivery record, which went above 90% in the surveyed two districts.
PETS aims to improve climate finance transparency by monitoring climate finance from its source directly to recipients in Nepal. “The survey is critical in determining how much of what the government intends to allocate to groups and projects actually gets there,” stated PETS summary report. “Without products like the PETS, poor, vulnerable and marginalised people are unable to verify whether funds are misused, the report stated.
The reports were discussed with the stakeholders, including development partners, civil society and universities, where experts underscored on the need to explore ways to use the evidence obtained from these studies to strengthen decision-making. MoAD Joint Secretary Dr Yogendra Karki said “Tracking of climate investment and examine the effectiveness of the investment is essential to evaluate the programme and ensure that the scarce resource are directed to the most needy areas to address the climate impacts and make agriculture climate resilient in the long term”