In1984 initiated Shey-Phoksundo National Park is situated in the Trans-Himalayan region of northwest Nepal. It is Nepal’s largest National Park covering an area of 3,555 Km2, which preserve a unique Trans-Himalayan ecosystem with a diversity of flora and fauna. The Park’s climatic differences, altitude variations, and different zoo-geographical regions support a diverse
1349km2 area of surrounding the park was declared as
- Shey-Phoksundo National Park provides a diversity of spectacular landscapes.
- Elevations in the park range from 2,130m in Ankhe to 6,883m at the summit of KanjirobaHimal.
- Nepal’s deepest and second largest lake, Phoksundo Lake, lies in upper regions ofSuligad.
- Near the lake’s outlet is the country’s highest waterfall.
- The major rivers in the park are the Khung, Nmajung and Panjang, The Suligad andJugdual Rivers, which are the major tributaries of the Thuli Bheri River; and the
LanguRiver, which drains the high Dolpo plateau to the east and flows westward.
- Phoksundo Lake is famous for its magnificent turquoise color and the spectacular scenery clearly rank it with the most scenic mountain parks in the world.
Ringmo village, a typical Tibetan village, is scenically nestled in the area. Many beautiful glaciers can be found near and above the lake area. The Park has many Gompas (Monasteries) and religious area. The most famous, Shey Gompa was established in the 11th Century.
As a result of its spanning both the northern and southern aspects of the Himalayan crest, the park experience a wide climatic range. Most of the precipitation in the area occurs during the monsoon (July-September), although the Dhaulagari and Kanjiroba Ranges from a massive barrier preventing most of the rain from reaching the Trans-Himalayan area. The park contains the transition from a monsoon-dominated climate with 1500 mm.of annual precipitation in the south (Suligad) to an arid climate with less than 500 mm. a year on the northern slopes. Winters are quite severe, with frequent snowfalls above 2,500m. and temperature’s remaining below freezing above 3,000m. through much of the winter.
The flora found within the park is extremely diverse. The northern regions contain barren areas of the upper Himalayas and the Trans-Himalayan slope lands consisting of some rhododendron, Caragana shrubs, and Salix, Juniper, white Himalayan birch, and the occasional silver fir dominate the high meadows of the Himalayas. Less than five percent of the park is forested, with much of it lying in the southern portion. The Suligad Vally’s flora consists of blue pine, spruce, hemlock, cedar, silver fir, poplar, rhododendron, and bamboo. The park also contains 286species of ethno-botanical importance.
The park provides important habitat forend angered species including the snow leopard, grey wolf, musk deer, and blue sheep, goral, great Tibetan sheep, Himalayan tahr, leopard, jackal, and Himalayan black bear are also found in the park. The park is home to six reptiles and 29 species of butterfly, including the highest flying butterfly in the world, Paralasa
Local accommodations are available in Dunai,
Thepark is home to more than 9,000 people and their villages area among thehighest settlements on Earth. Most of the inhabitants of the park practice BonBuddhism, an ancient religion with roots in Animism and Buddhism. The Bon-poreligion, which forms the entire cultural base for Tibetan Buddhism, was founded 18,000 years ago, during the Zhang Zung Empire of today’s western Tibet. The landscape is dotted with sacred monasteries, Thanka paintings, and
Individual trekking is permitted to trek to Ringmo or Phoksundo Lake. The Tran-Himalayan region of inner Dolpa is restricted to group trekking only, A group trekking permit is needed and can be arranged through any recognized trekking agency of Nepal.
How to get
The easiest way to reach the park is by air from Nepalgunj to the Juphal airstrip in Dolpa followed by a half day walk to the park entrance at Suligad.