Sector-Wise Highlights of Government’s Policy and Programmes
The government’s policy and programs have spelled out its priorities regarding infrastructure development, energy, agriculture and irrigation, tourism, basic drinking water facilities, development of forest product-based industries and forestry management, promotion of agriculture and irrigation, among the various sectors of the economy.
President Bidya Devi Bhandari presented the government’s policy and programs for the fiscal year 2020/21 in the joint session of both houses of the Federal Parliament on Friday.
Infrastructure development: The government is to give priority to infrastructure development including road, bridges, and water supply in the next fiscal year. It is stated that the basis would be created for production sectors like agriculture and industry, for promotion of employment and for the development of energy, road, irrigation, and urban infrastructures to contribute to high economic growth in the coming fiscal year. New infrastructures would be built in places lacking essential infrastructures and the capacity of the existing infrastructures would be expanded and their quality and standard improved.
It is stated in the policy and programs that 3,663 kilometers road has been blacktopped and 325 bridges constructed after the formation of the present government. In the next fiscal year, 300 bridges would be built and 155 kilometers of the Madan Bhandari Highway would be blacktopped. The construction of this highway would be completed within five years.
Similarly, the East-West Highway would be developed into a four-lane express highway. The construction of Kathmandu-Tarai Fast-track would be completed within the next three years. Ninety kilometers of the Kaligandaki corridor highway would be blacktopped in the next three years while the track of the Koshi and Karnali corridor roads would be opened upgraded. Construction of one kilometer of the 2.68 kilometers Nagdhunga tunnelway would be completed.
The initial works for the construction of the Rasuwagadhi-Kathmandu railway and the Birgunj-Kathmandu railway would be started. Construction of the Kakarbhitta-Inaruwa section of the East-West electric railway project would be started. Public transport would be made passenger-friendly, convenient, reliable, and secure in the next fiscal year. The government would promote an electricity-driven transportation system. Transport Authority would be set up to regulate the transportation system. Towards water transport, preparation has been made for operating Nepal’s own flag-carrier ship up to the sea via the internal waterway of India. Legal provisions would be made for operating the Nepali ship for international trade from the next fiscal year. The Koshi, Gandaki and Karnali waterways would be developed linking them with India’s internal waterway.
Energy development: Energy and water resources has been given major priority in the government’s policy and programs for the next fiscal year. Programs have been brought to support the implementation of the ‘Bright Nepal’ concept initiated by the government. The government’s policy and programs include the construction of some big projects aimed at building one megaproject in each State. The government aims to produce 3,000 Megawatts electricity within the next fiscal year. The total installed power in the central grid at present is 1,386 Megawatts. Electricity has been made available to 852 thousand households in the last two years since the formation of the NCP-led present government. There is the target of having total electrification in all States in the next two years. Similarly, 200 solar mini-grids would be installed in areas where the national grid and extension system has not reached.
An integrated water resources policy would be prepared for the multi-dimensional utilization of water resources. Special work would be carried out for the development of the energy sector. For this, like in the previous year, the government will keep the ‘Nepal’s Water, People’s Investment’ program in special priority and move ahead of the development of hydroelectricity projects accordingly. Twenty-one projects have been included in this program. Similarly, the government will start the construction of the 1,200 Megawatts capacity Budhigandaki project and the 750-Megawatts capacity West Seti project. Both are national pride projects. Similarly, the construction of Tamor and Dudhkoshi reservoir projects would be started in the next fiscal year. The construction of the multi-purpose Pancheshwor reservoir project would be started by preparing its detailed project report after necessary agreement with India.
The government has also given priority to the construction of internal and inter-country transmission lines in its policy and programs for the next fiscal year. Construction of Hetauda-Dhalkebar-Inaruwa, the Kaligandaki, Marsyangdi, Koshi, Bheri corridor transmission lines have been prioritized.