Sagarmatha National Park: UNESCO World Heritage Site of Nepal
Yagya Raj Karki/Nepalayatimes
Solukhumbu – Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park is spread over an area of 1,148 sq, km, established in 1976, of the Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region of Nepal. This park listed on UNESCO World Heritage site in 1979. The Park disperse over the areas of the Dudhkoshi and Bhote Koshi Rivers and gorges of the high Himalayas Monjo to the top of the world’s highest Himal – Sagarmatha at 8,848m above the sea level and other peaks above 6,000m are Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Thamserku. Nuptse, Amadablam and Pumori, The famed Sherpa people, whose lives are interwoven with the teachings of Buddhism, live in the region.
The renowned Tengboche, Thame, Khumjung, and Pangboche are some other famous monasteries are common gathering places to celebrate religious festivals such as Dumje and Mane Rumdu.
Flora and Fauna:
The vegetations which found at the lower altitude of the park are pine and hemlock forests, and fir, juniper, birch and rhododendron, scrub and alpine plant communities can be found at the higher altitude. This park settles for the red panda, snow leopard, musk deer, Himalayan tahr, marten, Himalayan mouse hare (Pika) and over 118 species including the Impeyan pheasant, snow cock, blood pheasant, red-billed cough etc.
The government of Nepal has declared a buffer zone in and around the park with the objective of reducing biotic pressure in the slow-growing vegetation in 2002. The government has also made a provision of reinvesting back to community development activities form the revenue collected by a park near about 30 – 50 percent in the buffers zone. To conserve biodiversity in the region in the park should collaboration with local people. In this Park has popular Trekking Routes The trek from Namche to Kala Patthar, The Gokyo Lake and Chukung valleys also provide spectacular views and the popular place for Sherpa culture is Thame Valley. The trek of this area to pass this, the trekkers must have a guide and proper equipment for the trek.
How to Get There:
To reach there have two ways from Kathmandu are:
By Flight to Lukla and two day’s walk, Flight to Tumlingtar and 10 day’s walk, and Flight to Phaplu and 5 day’s walk
By Bus to Jiri and 10 day’s walk
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