Nepalayatimes/Polluted Air Affect Inhabitants Health at Nepalgunj
By Anupama Wagle
Nepalgunj – Look at this picture clearly; it is not any tire burning revolt activities or not any firing case. It is a dust smoky air produced by Nepalgunj Industrial Area, Nepalgunj, Banke.
According to the 2011 census, Nepalgunj is a resident of The 73,779 inhabitants. This Polluted air directly hampered towards the life of them.
Majorly Air Pollution Based on the increased counts of factories and manufacturing processes, both large and small scale, gaseous emissions have continued to compound. This makes industrial pollution one of the main causes of air pollution. The emissions from different industries contain gaseous contaminants such as sulfur, carbon dioxide (CO2), oxides of nitrogen, methane, and so on.
These gases, when too much in the atmosphere, frequently results in several illnesses and environmental hazards. Formation of acid rains, the presence of smog, and heightened incidences of respiratory disorders among humans are some of the implications of air pollution.
Polluted air effect on Human Health. The World Health Organization (WHO) revealed that outdoor air pollution accounts for about 2% of all lung and heart diseases. WHO also underscores, around 5% of all lung cancers and 1% of all chest infections are implications of outdoor air pollution.
In brief, these statistics indicate just how industrial air pollution depreciates human health. For instance, one of the worst industrial disasters of all times that took place in Bhopal, India, in 1984 claimed the lives of more than 8,000 people and the effects were still being felt more than two decades later. This means, industrial air pollution may not manifest immediately but takes several years.
Industrial toxic and chemical wastes that are disposed into water bodies or landfills are also responsible for cancers and human cell poisoning. For instance, exposure to inorganic arsenic causes tumors to form. Above all, industrial pollutants are responsible for thousands of illnesses and premature deaths across the globe.
And another effect of air pollution is Wildlife Extinction. The tendency of industrial and manufacturing processes that constantly demands production resources and repeated exploitation of raw materials has cumulatively led to the destruction of forests and the natural habitats that support wildlife.
Acts such as mining, deforestation, and utilization of water resources for industrial production have destroyed natural habitats and forced organisms to move further into the wild, exposing them to predators and intolerable living conditions. Consequently, some wildlife species have faced extinction while several others remain highly endangered. Industrial wastes, chemicals, emissions, or accidental leaks, fires, oil spills and so on have also been prime contributors to wildlife extinction.
Furthermore, these environmentally damaging materials take several years to clean-up thereby compounding the effects. For example, the BP oil accidental spill in 2012 claimed thousands of marine life, and some of them were among the rarest species on earth. Even after some time had passed, marine animals continued to die.
Other Common Implications of industrial pollution encompass damage to structures and buildings and increased risks of different occupational hazards like exposure to asbestos, chemical dust, among other mineral or metallic particles.
Details of Nepalgunj Industrial Area
It was established in the year 1973 A.D. under the India assistance with infrastructures facilities such as developed lands, boundary walls, electricity distribution network, drainage system, industrial sheds and warehouse.
Nepalgunj Industrial Area has a total area of 233 ropanies out of which 233 ropanies are well developed. The land has occupied by service sector are 44 ropanies. Currently, there are 35 industries established inside the district out of which 30 industries are in operation. The investment the private sector has invested in the industries grosses more than 195.2 cores, while the government sector investment is 1.75 cores.
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Nepalgunj Industrial district has its own electricity distribution network. The total power consumption by this I.D. is 1000 KVA. The district has its own water boring system, water supply systems as well as water filtration plant. The total water consumption here per day is 75-kiloliter per day. The district has a total road network of 2.34 km.
Industrial District Nepalgunj
Estd. Year (A.D.) 1973
Area (Ropani) 233
Not Leased Land occupied by service sector 44
Investment (rupees in crore)
Government sector 1.75
Private sector 195.2
No. of industries 35
Under construction 4
Land on leased but yet in construction Others 2
No. of employment 867
Power Capacity (KVA) 1000
Water Production/Consumption capacity 75
Road (K.M.) 2.34