Jitiya Parva: A Great Festival of Mithilanchal and Tharu Community
Kathmandu – The holy festival Jitiya also known as Jivitputrika is observed by Hindu married females of Mithilanchal and Tharu lady of all castes in Nepal for the long life of their children. Mothers keep fast throughout the day without taking even a drop of water. Normally, the fast is observed for the well-being of sons.
One of the most prized possession women have been gifted with by the almighty God is to bring a new life on earth. The glory of motherhood is celebrated during Jitiya festival by forsaking food and water and praying for children.
Jitiya is a Nirahar Brata as the devotee mothers desist even from water which is the most essential thing for life. The ritual takes three days. The first day (the day before Jitiya) is called ‘Nahai-Khai’ as the women take the first crumb only after having a bath. The second day is for the fast and Paran is done on the third day. Religious priests give information about the exact time for Paran and women can break their fast only after that time. The dishes which are cooked for Paran are also fixed
Jitiya is performed in the Krishna Paksha of the Ashwin Maas (month) on Ashtami tithi (eighth day) as per the Nepali calendar guided by the moon.
Story Behind Celebrate Jitiya Parva
According to holy books when ‘Kaliyug’ began, women were worried about their children and they went to Gautam Rishi, a well-known sage. The sage told them that there is a ritual that could help save their children. He narrated a story which starts in the time of Mahabharata when Pandavas were traumatized with the death of all their sons in the war. Their queen Draupadi went to a Brahmin called Dhaumya and asked for a solution for the long life of children.
Dhaumya told her the following story: Jimutvahan was a king in Satyuga. Once on a visit to his in-laws home with his wife, he heard a bitter cry of an old woman at night. The woman was crying for her dead son. Jimutvahan went to her and came to know that she was crying because Garura (the king of birds and the vehicle of Lord Vishnu) had eaten her son. Jimutvahan, generous by nature instantly went to the place where Garura could be found and presented himself as food.
Garura started to cut his body with his claws. But surprised by the behavior of the king, he wanted to know the actual reason behind his sacrifice. Despite the pain, the king insisted Garura to kill and eat him. Out of awe, he inquired about the actual identity of the king. “You do not seem to be an ordinary man. I beseech you to tell the truth,” said Garura.
Then the king revealed his identity and happy with his generosity, Garura asked him to make a wish. Jimutvahan asked the king of birds to give life to all those people whom he had eaten. Garura complied with his wish and himself brought ‘Amrit’ (holy nectar) from the Naglok and sprinkled it on the dead remains of the bones of all the deceased. The dead were all alive.
Happy with the king’s gesture, he also gave him a boon A woman who will offer worship on the eighth day of Asvin in Krishna Paksha with a statue of Kusha (a kind of grass used in religious observances) will never face any threat on the life of her children.
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