Nepalayatimes/Bardiya National Park Best Habitat for Tigers
Bardiya National Park Situated in the west of Nepal Bardiya National Park is the best habitat for tigers. The park falls in an area, which is still very underdeveloped and difficult to access. 1976 the park was first gazetted with very little planning just making it an unimpressive forest area. In 1988 the area received the status of a National park pouring in both tourists and commercialization. The atmosphere is nothing less than anything blissful and with tourism not making its heavy impact there, the park is still uninterrupted. The northern limit of the park is protected area are demarcated by the crest of the Siwalik Hills. Conveniently located in the Terai region of Nepal the park is halfway between Butwal and Mahendranagar.
Through the Sugauli Treaty in 1815, Nepal lost the region where the National Bardiya Park is located to the East India Company. For 45 years the British India ruled on the area and finally returned it to Nepal in 1860. The act of return was in recognition for supporting the suppression of the Indian Independence movement in 1857. Today, the same area is called ‘Naya Muluk’ meaning new country. An area of 368 km2 (142 sq mi) was set aside as Royal Hunting Reserve in 1969 and gazetted as Royal Karnali Wildlife Reserve in 1976.
The park falls in an area, which is still very underdeveloped and difficult to access. 1976 the park was first gazetted with very little planning just making it an unimpressive forest area. In 1988 the area received the status of a National park pouring in both tourists and commercialization. Approximately 1500 people were uprooted and were resettled elsewhere when the park was being formed.
is believed that the park is home 100 one-horned rhinos, 20 Bengal tigers and several other mammals. The National Park provides shelter to at least 53 mammals including wild elephants, swamp deer, Gangetic dolphin and rhinoceros. The river system in the park offers 125 species of fish and mugger crocodiles. Ofgharial inhabits are found in small population. 23 reptile and amphibian species have been recorded other than the crocodiles.
Birds: 407-recorded bird species are found at the national park. White- rumped vulture, Bengal florican, bar headed geese and peafowl are some exotic birds found in the area but not seen easily. Sarus crane has also been sighted. Current checklists include 407 bird species, among them the Bengal florican,
Vegetation: About 70% of the park is covered with forest, with the balance a mixture of riverside forest, grassland and savannah. 839 species of flora including 174 vascular plants comprise the Bardiya National Park.
Bardia National Park,
Thakuradwara, Bardia, Nepal.
Ph : 977-84-429719