Jumla – In 1976 established Rara National Park is located in the North-Western high mountains of Nepal to conserve the beauty of Lake Rara, and to protect the representative flora and fauna of the Humla-Jumla region. This Park covers an area of 106 sq. km, which is indicated as Nepal’s smallest protected area.
The main feature of the park is Rara Lake (Previously named Mahendra Tal), situated at a height of 2990 meter, which Surrounded by magnificent conifer forests, it is Nepal’s biggest lake (10.8 sq. km) with a depth of 167 m. Its radiant blue waters are home to the snow trout, the only fish recorded in the lake.
- In winter season visitors who love birds can enjoy many migratory birds
- During summer, the lake surrounds with Himalayan flowers creating a colorful landscape.
- The altitude of the park ranges from 2800 m to 4039 m. from that Chuchemara peak (4039 m) is the highest point in the park, which Located on the southern side of the lake, provides an excellent backdrop to Lake Rara. And other snowcapped summits of Ruma Kand (3731m) and Malika Kand (3444m) located on the northern side of the lake, and the beautiful Mugu-Kamali River valley to the north. Murma Peak also provides an excellent view of the park area.
Flora and Fauna:
The reserve has sub-alpine and high temperate vegetation. These plants fir, pine, and birch, rhododendron, hemlock, oak, juniper, and spruce are found there. The park is a settlement for around 20 different species of mammals, include Musk deer, Himalayan black bear, Leopard, Jackal, Himalayan tahr, Yellow-throated marten, Otter, Wild dog, Common langur, Rhesus macaque and Red panda. The park has recorded 214 species of birds including coots, snow cock, and different species of pheasants, grebes, mallard, common teal, red-crested pochard, and gulls. During winter, many migratory birds join the residential gallinaceous birds.
In winter season is quite cold. September/October and April to May is the best time to visits Rara National Park. From December to March, the temperatures reach below freezing, and heavy snowfalls occur up to one meter, closing high passes. April to June is warm but the season gives way to monsoon season-June to August.
How to get there:
Rara National Park is 2.5 days trek via Jumla or 10 days trek from Surkhet. we can reach Julma or Surket though either by air or by bus.