Nepal has a unique geographical position and altitudinal variation. The altitude of the country ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 meter, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climatic conditions from sub-tropical to Arctic. Nepal occupying only 0.1% of the total landmass of the earth and other features of Nepal in comparison of world.
- 2% of all the flowering plants in the world
- 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species)
- 4% of mammals on earth
- 11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
- 600 indigenous plant families
- 319 species of exotic orchids
Geographical and Demographic Position
Area: 147,181 sq. km
Location: Situated between China and India
Population: 26.7 million
People: More than 123 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages
Language: Nepali is the national language.
Religion: A secular state with predominance of Hindu.
Currency: Nepali Rupee (approximately US$ 96 Rs)
Political System: Federal Democratic Republic
Climate: Four major seasons
1 Winter: December-February,
2 Spring: March-May,
3 Summer: June-August,
4 Autumn: September-November. Monsoons are from June till mid September.
As a Tourist, where can you visit and what can you do?
UNESCO Natural World Heritage Sites
- Chitwan National Park (932 sq. km)
- Sagarmatha National Park (1,148 sq. km)
- Bardiya National Park (968 sq. km)
- Khaptad National Park (225 sq. km)
- Langtang National Park (1,710 sq. km)
- Makalu-Barun National Park (1,500 sq. km)
- Rara National Park (106 sq. km)
- Shey-Phoksundo National Park (3,555 sq. km)
- Shivapuri National Park (144 sq. km)
With eight of the highest peaks in the world, including Mt. Everest, it is hardly surprising that Nepal has been the stage for some of the most outstanding achievements in the world of mountaineering. . All inquiries and arrangements for expeditions have to be made well in advance at the Ministry of Tourism & Civil Aviation, Mountaineering Section and Nepal Mountaineering Association for 33 Peaks.
Nepal is the crucial destination for the trekking aficionado offering a countless of possibilities from the short and easy to the demanding challenges of the snowy peaks. Nepal has offered some of the most spectacular trekking routes in the world. The massive contrasts in altitudes and climates found here support an equally spectacular mix of lifestyles, vegetation and wildlife, a cultural experience as a Himalayan adventure.
- Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve (175 sq. km)
- Parsa Wildlife Reserve (499 sq. km)
- Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve (305 sq. km)
- Annapurna Conservation Area (7,629 sq. km)
- Kanchenjunga Conservation Area (2,035 sq. km)
- Manaslu Conservation Area (1,663 sq. km)
- Dhorpatan (1,325 sq. km)